April 2020’s IR35 changes – Government review

The Government has launched a review of the forthcoming changes to off-payroll working rules (IR35)

This follows a number of concerns raised by businesses and affected individuals about how the new rules will be implemented. The review will, the Government says, determine if any further steps can be taken to ensure the smooth and successful implementation of the reforms, which are due to come into force in April 2020. As part of this, the review will also assess whether any additional support is needed to ensure that the self-employed, who are not in scope of the rules, are not impacted.

The Government will launch a separate review to explore how it can better support the self-employed. That will include improving access to finance and credit, making the tax system easier to navigate, and examining how better broadband can boost homeworking.

As part of the review, which will conclude by mid-February, the Government will hold a series of roundtables with stakeholders representative of those affected by the reform, including contractor groups and medium and large-sized businesses, to understand how the government can ensure smooth implementation of the reforms. The Government will also carry out further internal analysis, including evaluation of the enhanced Check employment status for tax (CEST) tool and public sector bodies’ experience of implementing the reform to the off-payroll working rules in 2017.

In parallel to the review, HMRC will continue its programme of education and support activities, such as one-to-one engagement, webinars and workshops, alongside targeted communications and support for customers, and their representatives, to help them prepare for implementation on 6 April 2020. Anyone can enrol for HMRC’s webinars using the following link.


From 6 April 2020, all medium and large-sized private sector clients will be responsible for deciding if the IR35 rules apply to their contractors. This moves the onus for IR35 decisions away from the worker to the (medium and large) private sector engager.

This responsibility already applies to public sector authorities. However, from 6 April 2020, there are extra responsibilities that will affect public sector authorities.

However, note that if a worker provides services to a small client in the private sector, the worker will remain responsible for deciding their employment status and if the rules apply.

The off-payroll working rules (IR35) can apply if a worker provides their services to a client through their own intermediary. The intermediary can be:

  • a worker’s own limited company – known as a personal service company;
  • a partnership; or
  • another individual.The burden of responsibility for deciding if a worker is caught by IR35, or not, falls on the engager if they are a Public Sector body. If the engager is a Private Sector business, the onus is currently on the worker. However, for Private Sector engagements, this burden of responsibility will be moving from the worker to the engager, from April 2020. Although importantly, this will not apply to small Private Sector businesses.
  • The four key factors for a worker to prove that they are genuinely self-employed, and not caught by IR35 are:
  • The off-payroll working rules are intended to make sure that, where an individual would have been an employee if they were providing their services directly, they pay broadly the same tax and national insurance as an employee.
  1. No control – there must be no, or absolutely minimal, control over the “worker”;
  2. No mutuality of obligations – To be self-employed, the “worker” has to show that they can turn work down. If there is an obligation for the “end client” to give work to the “worker”, and he or she has to accept it, there would be mutuality of obligations, and he or she would be an employee;
  3. Substitute – ideally the “worker” would have a substitute, at the same technical level as him or her, and have used that substitute. The “worker”, or their “personal services company”, must have chosen, engaged and paid the substitute.
  1. Insurance – the “worker”, or their “personal services company”, must ideally have paid public liability insurance or other relevant insurance relating to their work.

To be self-employed the “worker” has to win on both of the first two: no control; and no mutuality of obligations.

Recommended Posts

No comment yet, add your voice below!

Add a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *